Ham Ninh commune is located on the east of the island. Mountains and forests are at the back and the immense sea at the front. People live by Ham channel. Houses here remain primitive features with cottage roofs and bamboo wattles. The community life relies on pearl diving, catching holothurians and netting crabs. Formerly, people came here to do fishing and then formed this village. Ham Ninh is a safe and sound wharf for boats. Sail junks and wooden barges from the land moor here to load goods and seafoods to transfer to other places. The sea is still shallow several hundreds of meters far from Ham Ninh wharf.At low tide, the beach stretches out infinitely. Conversely, the water overflows the beach to the forest edge at high tide. Tourists can see islands appear at a distance within the archipelago Hai Tac (Ha Tien) from Ham Ninh beach. Slanting to the southeast, Nghe islet slightly appears on the dark blue water. To the south, it is Mr Doi cape – the last cape of the island. Coming at Ham Ninh in the morning or on moonlighted nights, tourists can entirely enjoy the beauty of the sea. The scene of sunset over the sea is also great. It is a must for tourists to try boiled crabs here. The crab is its specialty and can almost be found anytime. Crabs boiled which has just been caught from the sea, has fresh red color and firm meat. They are very delicious when eaten with salt mixed with pepper and lemon juice.
One of Vietnam’s star attractions, mountainous and forested Phu Quoc is a splendid tropical getaway set with beautiful white-sand beaches and quaint fishing villages. Adventure comes in many forms here – from motorbiking the empty dirt roads circling the island to sea kayaking its quiet inlets, scuba diving the coral reefs or simply having a bang-up seafood meal followed by a cocktail on the beach. Once a sleepy, backpackers’ retreat, Phu Quoc has ramped up tourism significantly, and visitors can now choose between five-star resorts and rustic family-run bungalows. Plans are underway for developing the island even more heavily – a la Phuket style. If package tourism isn’t your bag, get there now before this happens.
The tear-shaped island lies in the Gulf of Thailand, 45km west of Ha Tien and 15km south of the coast of Cambodia. At 48km long (with an area of 1320 sq km), Phu Quoc is Vietnam’s largest island and its most politically contentious: Phu Quoc is claimed by Cambodia; its Khmer name is Ko Tral – which is why the Vietnamese have built a substantial military base covering much of the northern end of the island (thankfully, the military presence is fairly invisible).
Phu Quoc Island served as a base for the French missionary Pigneau de Behaine during the 1760s and 1780s. Prince Nguyen Anh, who later became Emperor Gia Long, was sheltered here by Behaine when he was being hunted by the Tay Son Rebels.
Phu Quoc is not really part of the Mekong Delta and doesn’t share the delta’s extraordinary ability to produce rice. The most valuable crop is black pepper, but the islanders here have traditionally earned their living from the sea. Phu Quoc is also famous in Vietnam for its production of high-quality fish sauce (nuoc mam).
The island has some unusual hunting dogs, which have ridgebacks, curly tails and blue tongues and are said to be able to pick up their masters’ scent from over 1km away (the nuoc mam their masters eat certainly helps). Unfortunately, the dogs have decimated much of the island’s wildlife.